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Culture

Academic Paper Summary   by:DrKUTTIMSU     Original Author: Dr.C.S.RANGARAJAN
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74. The ability to compete in the larger culture is hindered because of deficiencies in home, family, and neighbourhood bacakground is 
a) Cultural deprivation  (b) Cultural maladjustment (c) Cultural integration
d) Cultural shock
75. ..... is described as a tendency for norms, values, beliefs, practices and other characteristics to complement one another.
a) Cultural integration (b) Cultural deprivation (c) Cultural maladjustment 
d) Cultural pluralism
76. The recognition that one culture cannot be judged arbitrarily by the standardsof another.
a) Cultural relativism (b) Cultural integration (c) Xenocentrism
(d)Ethnocentrism
77. The practice of judging  a societyin the context of its own standards, meanings and values is (a) Cultural relativism (b) Cultural integration
c) Ethnocentrism (d) Xenocentrism
78. The co-existence of several sub-cultures within a given society on equal terms is (a) Cultural pluralism (b) Cultural relativism (c) Cultural maladjustment (d) Cultural integration.
79. "Equality in the midst of diversity" leads to co-existence of cultural forms within a group or society is called (a) Cultural pluralism b) Cultural
maladjustment (c) Cultural relativism (d) Cultural integration.
80. Practices that are found in every society is known as (a) Cultural Universals (b) Cultural adjustment (c) Cultural relativism (d) Cultural shock.
81. A feeling of surprise and disorientation that is experienced when people witness cultural practices different from their own (a) Cultural shock
b) Cultural relativism (c) Cultural maladjustment (d) Cultural universal.
82. A reactive state of specific pathology or deficit which is both the source and result of alienation in a new culture is known as (a) Cultural shock
b) Cultural maladjustment (c) Cultural Universals (d) Cultural integration.
83. The spread of cultural elements from one culture to another is called
a) Diffusion (b) Fusion (c) Cultural osmosis (d) Differential association.
84. Transmission of culture complexes from one individual to another  is called (a) Diffusion (b) Fusion (c) Cultural osmosis (d) Cultural synthesis.
85. ........... occurs through informal imitation, or by systematic instruction, or by advertisinf, propaganda and other forms of promotion.
a) Diffusion (b) Fusion (c) Confusion (d) Cultural osmosis.
86. "Most new culture  complexes are acquired by diffision': This view is
a) True (b) False (c) Irrational (d) Unrealistic.
87. Large culsters of traits organised about some nuclear point of reference  is called  (a) Cultural complex (b) Cultural osmosis (c) Fusion
d) Cultural pattern.
88. ...... is formed when traits and complexes become related to each other in functional roles (a) Cultural pattern (b) Cultural integration (c) Fusion
d) Cultural osmosis.
89. The process of introducing new elements into a culture is known as
a) Innovation (b) Adaptation (c) Assimilation (d) Accommodation.
90. Discovery is one form of innovation; which one is the other?

a) Invention (b) Experimentation (c) Examination (d) Addition.
91. Belief in the superiorityof one's own group over other groups seen as inferior in a society is called (a) Ethnocentrism (b) Utilitarianism 
c) Pragmatism (d)  Xenocentrism.
92. Both patriotism and chauvanism are associated with the term
a) Ethnocentrism (b) Xenocentrism (c) Opportunism (d) Pragmatism.
93. Sanskritisation is the reverse of (a)  Ethnocentrism (b) Xenocentrism
c) Pragmatism (d) Opportunism.
94. All the following refer to Sanskritisation except one.
a) Cultural moblity (b) Emulation or imitation (c) Shining on borrowed feathers (d) Wishful thinking of elevation in hierarchy.
95. H.A.Gould considers ........ as an 'expression of challenge and revolt against socio-economic deprivations'. (a) Sanakritisation
(b) Parochialisation (c) Modernisation (d) Westernisation.
96. What relationship sanskritisation  bears with Xenocentrism?
(a) Denote the same (b) Nothing (c) Have different meaning (d) Stand on a different footing.
97. To draw a distinction between in-group and out-group, Sumner used the term (a) Ethnocentrism (b) Xenocentrism (c) Universalism (d) Pragmatism.
98. The belief that the products, styles or ideas of one's society are inferior to those that originate elsewhere is called (a) Xenocentrism
(b) Ethnocentrism (c) Universalism (d) Pragmatism.
99. The tendency to assume that one's culture and ways of life are superior to all others is known as (a) Ethnocentrism (b) Xenocentrism (c) Pragmatism (d) Universalism.
100. The tendency to assume that one's culture and ways of life are inferior to all others is known as (a) Xenocentrism (b) Ethnocentrism
 (c) Universalism  (d) Pragmatism.
101. ......... judgments fail to recognise the true qualities of other cultures.
a) Ethnocentric (b) Xenocentric  (c) Pragmatic (d) Universalistic.
102. ...... individual is someone who is unable or unwilling to look at other cultures in their own terms      (a) Ethnocentric      (b) Xenocentric
(c) Universalistic (d) Pragmatic.
103. Which sentence makes the most sense?
a) Every human society has culture (b) Only civilised people have culture
c) Every culture has personality (d) Only well educated people appreciate culture.
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NOTE: All (a)s are the correct answers to questions from 74 to 103.
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Published: May 15, 2009   
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