Saudi Arabia is with the rich crude oil.
The discovery of the oil field, Al- Ghawar has transformed the lifestyle of the people of Saudi Arabia. The Arabian Peninsula has the largest oil reserves in the world. The economy is dominated by petroleum called liquid gold. All modern facilities like air-conditioned houses and vehicles, skyscrapers, supermarket, schools, hospitals, etc. are there in the cities. Radio and television have become a media of education and communication. The government has given priority to education. It provides free education and has expanded at a remarkable pace.
There are a number of modern cities in Saudi Arabia like Riyadh, Mecca, Jeddah, Hufuf, Buracda and Medina. Riyadh is the capital of Saudi Arabia. The busiest sea port of Saudi Arabia is in Jeddah. King Abdul Aziz international air port is also in Jeddah. These cities have all the modern facilities.
Saudi Arabia is rich in mineral oil. It earns huge amounts of money from the export of this oil. The main industries of Saudi Arabia are petrochemicals, Petroleum refineries, Iron and steel, fertilizers and cement. There are some small- scale industries like processed food, leather, textile, soap, handicrafts. Small quantities of cement, bricks, tiles, furniture and pottery are produced in the country.
Saudi Arabia has become a modern city having well developed network roadways, railways and airways. People from all over the world go to Saudi Arabia to work. This country has developed so rapidly in the past few years that the land which was once barren has now become a productive and prosperous place.
Saudi Arabia is with the business oil.
Saudi Arabia is a Muslim state, largely occupied by Arab Muslims. Mecca and medina are two most important pilgrimages of the Muslims. Every year millions of Muslims from all over the world visit these two places for Haj.
People of Saudi Arabia can be categorized into three groups depending upon their lifestyles.
People who live near oasis,
People wandering from place to place i.e. nomads,
People are dwelling in cities.
Most of the people live in the villages located near the oasis. They are mostly farmers. They make houses from sun dried bricks. These houses have flat roofs.
Some people keep herds of goats, sheep, camels and horses. They move from one place to another in search of food and fresh pastures for their cattle. They are called nomads. There nomads are called Bedouins. They build tents made of animal skins to live in. they move in groups forming long rows of camels. These rows of camels are called caravans. The Bedouins sell and buy their goods at the village market place.
Camel is the most useful animals in the desert. Camels are well adapted to deserts climate. They can go for many days with out food or water. Their padded feet are suited for running in desert. They are used for transporting belongings of people from one place to another place. Hence, camels are called ship of the desert.
Dry climate and poor soil leads little vegetation. Only cacti, grasses and thorny buses are found here.