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THE WEEK

Article Summary   by:VLNAGDAS    
ª
 
Write your abstract

here.

This article is about the scholarly debate on the story
of

Krishna - The most popular and colourful god in the

pantheon of Hindu gods.



The debate is whether the Krishna mentioned in the
Puranas

was the same as the Krishna of the Mahabharata.
Scholars'

belief is that the story of Krishna was inserted in

Mahabharata later. According to some experts, Krishna,
was

a tribal god, worshipped by the Ahir tribes, who were

found in and around Mathura. The reference to Krishna,
at

the earliest, occurs in the Chandogya Upanishad, which
was

writted in 650 BCE). So this Krishna could not have
been

present during the time of battle of Mahabharata (which

happened in 1478 B.C.). The author has talked about how
the

authors of various versions of Mahabharata have
inserted

the Chandogya Upanishad's Krishna into the Kuru-
Panchala

story, which was about the two warring clans (kuru &

Panchala), which was the reason of the Mahabharata war.



There are also reasons to believe that Krishna's origin
was

greek. This has come to light, by the discovery of a

Garuda Pillar , near Vidisha, which was erected by the
King

Antialcidas's envoy tothe royal court of Sunga, capital
of

Mesnagar, near Vidisha. Greek King Antialcidas was
ruling

from Taxila around 90 B.C.The inscriptions on the
pillar

give credence to the belief that Krishna could have
been

greek. There were coins with figures of Krishna and

Balarama issued by King Antialcidas.



There have been lots of historical evidence to link
Krishna

with Greece. The author elaborates on this, by citing

various texts like Pali version of Krsna, which has

reference to Kamsa hailing from the Greek city of
Bactria.

It is also mentioned that there is an ambiguity on
whether

the Vaasudeva cult was brought by the Greeks to India
or

they adopted a local deity of India's northwest. This
is

reinforced by the similarities between Krishna and
Orpheus.

There is also a theory that Krishna could have been a Robin
Hood kind of figure, who helps the poor by robbing the
rich. This could be true as Krishna, was engaged by the
Adhakas, Yadavas and Bhojas against Kamsa. There are
certain artefacts like the Rangmahal Terracottas, which
showthe influence of Indo-Greek Gandharan influence.
Published: September 20, 2005   
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