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This article is about the scholarly debate on the story
Krishna - The most popular and colourful god in the
pantheon of Hindu gods.
The debate is whether the Krishna mentioned in the
was the same as the Krishna of the Mahabharata.
belief is that the story of Krishna was inserted in
Mahabharata later. According to some experts, Krishna,
a tribal god, worshipped by the Ahir tribes, who were
found in and around Mathura. The reference to Krishna,
the earliest, occurs in the Chandogya Upanishad, which
writted in 650 BCE). So this Krishna could not have
present during the time of battle of Mahabharata (which
happened in 1478 B.C.). The author has talked about how
authors of various versions of Mahabharata have
the Chandogya Upanishad's Krishna into the Kuru-
story, which was about the two warring clans (kuru &
Panchala), which was the reason of the Mahabharata war.
There are also reasons to believe that Krishna's origin
greek. This has come to light, by the discovery of a
Garuda Pillar , near Vidisha, which was erected by the
Antialcidas's envoy tothe royal court of Sunga, capital
Mesnagar, near Vidisha. Greek King Antialcidas was
from Taxila around 90 B.C.The inscriptions on the
give credence to the belief that Krishna could have
greek. There were coins with figures of Krishna and
Balarama issued by King Antialcidas.
There have been lots of historical evidence to link
with Greece. The author elaborates on this, by citing
various texts like Pali version of Krsna, which has
reference to Kamsa hailing from the Greek city of
It is also mentioned that there is an ambiguity on
the Vaasudeva cult was brought by the Greeks to India
they adopted a local deity of India's northwest. This
reinforced by the similarities between Krishna and
There is also a theory that Krishna could have been a Robin
Hood kind of figure, who helps the poor by robbing the
rich. This could be true as Krishna, was engaged by the
Adhakas, Yadavas and Bhojas against Kamsa. There are
certain artefacts like the Rangmahal Terracottas, which
showthe influence of Indo-Greek Gandharan influence.