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Shvoong Home>Society & News>News Items>COMPETITION SUCCESS REVIEW Summary

COMPETITION SUCCESS REVIEW

Article Summary   by:tota    
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.Things that have not happened for a century or more are happening now-around the world including India. Delhi shivered on its coldest day-January 8, 2006 –in over 70 years. The sudden dip in temperature to 0.7 degrees Celsius forced the people to stay indoors. Delhi had recorded a minimum temperature of minus (-) 0.6 degrees on January 10,1935. Hurricanes and cyclones ,deluge triggered by incessant downpour , melting of ice in polar caps , thawing of glaciers in the Himalayas-are these changes manmade or are they the process of evolution ? The Kyoto protocol was an open confession that global warming had already begun and that mankind should take drastic measures to cut down the emission of greenhouse gases in order to slow down global warming and the consequent climatic changes. The recent conference on climatic change held in Montreal (Canada) once again understood the significance of measures to stem the pace of the tide that is likely to engulf all. Global warming is affecting glaciers all over the world . In the Himalayas, which hold the largest ice reserves after the polar ice caps, the rate of melting is the fastest. With 33,000 sq km of glaciers, it is aptly called the water tower of Asia, ensuring round-the-year supply to billions of people living in the plains. Reports indicate that 67 % of the glaciers are retreating at an alarming rate – much faster in the last three decades than in the last 200 years.
What does the phenomenon presage for great rivers like the Ganga ? More disastrous floods ? A March 2005 report by the World Wide Fund (WWF) for nature , a collaborative effort by India, China and Nepal, found that in the Ganga , the loss of glacier melt water will reduce the July-September flows to two-thirds causing water- shortages for 500 million people and 37% of India’s irrigated land . There is the fear that with glaciers melting fast there could be floods in quick succession followed by thinner flow in the Ganga as a quarter of the glacier mass could disappear by 2050 and up to a half by 2100, which means first floods followed by severe drought. It is high time that the world acted quickly . Even now, we are unaware that we have already knowingly or unknowingly, triggered climatic change to the saturation point. While the U.S., the biggest polluter, refuses to fall in line as per the demands of Kyoto Protocol, fast developing countries like India and China have also to look for greener technologies in order that the Earth could continue to be a liveable planet.
Published: May 11, 2006   
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