NUCLEAR PROGRAMMES AND ECONOMIC SANCTIONS – Dr. Bharat J V.
According to Dr. Abdul Khalam, the most revered President of India the apartheid of the human history appears to have invaded the realms of modern technology as well. The very fact that the developed nations consider certain specific types of missiles technologies and nuclear technologies as their exclusive prerogatives and beyond the comprehensions of other nations confirm the logics of such an opinion. For the same reason he exhorts the Indians to forge ahead with their efforts in developing indigenous know-how in Space and nuclear technologies. He has rightly assessed that Indian strides in these domains has been of international standards and in certain areas even better than that of the developed nations. Prepthy Missiles developed by India, for instance, is at par with any of the missile systems of the same class developed elsewhere. Cryogenic engines required for the spacecrafts successfully developed here with indigenous technology would speak volumes about the technological capability of the Indian scientists.If one take a closer look at the regime of international sanctions by the advanced nations it could be seen that as far as India was concerned it was a blessing in disguise. The U S sanctions imposed consequent to India’s nuclear explosions compelled the Indian scientists and engineers to research and develop local capabilities in these most modern fields. Such sanctions are a continuous repressive tool that has been used on an on going basis by the five developed powers against their less fortunate brothers with out any equitable justifications. However, they fail to accept the fact that such sanctions have not deterred the others from acquiring the know-how relating to such closely guarded technical realms. India and Pakistan for instance, has never signed the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty and are not bound by the rules and regulations framed in this connection. In view of the above these nations are with in their rights in conducting nuclear explosions. Though sanctions imposed had the effect of generating formidable hindrance they have all come out of such handicaps more powerful and more advanced in the fields slated for technical up gradation. The recent developments relating to Iran is one every nation is watching with rapt attention. Iran, not being tied to NTPC has the fundamental right to develop their technical capabilities in the nuclear field just like the five developed countries that consider themselves the exclusive patent holders of Nuclear Science and Space Technology. These nations refuse to learn their lesson from recent history that such apartheid policies would not bring about any positive results in the long run.
It is high time that they bring themselves to accept the natural law that the domain of science and technology is just like waters of the sea, which never remain static. It spreads on any direction according to the force of wind. The International Nuclear Energy Agency itself has come on records recently that in addition to the nine nations recognized to have nuclear firepower, as many as forty-nine other nations are at the threshold of developing such capabilities. Japan and South Africa has expressed their resolve to revive their nuclear development programs. The five advanced nations representing just twenty percent of the human race exert absolute control over almost eighty percent of the economic resources of the world. This has been attained through their control over the United Nations Organization. The military, technological and economic superiority of these nations enables them to jointly control the economies of the entire human civilization. In the above back drop a nation like India by virtue of its recently acquired proximity to the United States can of course chose to sale along in safe waters for the time being by supporting the exploits as they appear to other nations. But a more rational and civilizedpath would be to take the leadership in organizing the multitude of nations including other nuclear powers and non-nuclear nations to sit together and chart out a plan of action by which they could bring the five big brothers to the round table for discussions on equal terms for the well being of the entire universe. This course would no doubt be most dangerous and cumbersome for the Indian policy makers. The most encouraging element in such a scenario ,however, is that though these developed nations are obsessed with their positions and powers, they still represent the crème of the entire human society and quite capable of understanding the need for keeping the entire world a place of happiness and prosperity. Let us hope and prey that sooner than later these prosperous nations come out of their buoyant and aggressive mindset and look at the others with a feeling of affection for fellow beings. Let our actions be directed towards this end. .