TEN COMMANDMENTS OF SANAATHANA DHARMA
In Ashtanga yoga part of the pathanjali Maharshi’s yoga sutra, 10 commandments are given as primary requirement for learning and teaching yoga. But these commandments are essential qualities of all persons and can be applied in his/ her daily walks of life. These commandments can be learnt under two headings
(1) Yama are ethical discipline transcending creed, country, age and time. These commandments are rules of morality for the society and the individual. These yamas are (A) ahimsa (non violence), (B) satya (telling and doing truth), (C) Asteya (stealing) (D) Bramahmacharya (E) aparigraha (non-coveting)
(2) Niyama are rules of conduct that apply to individual and are self-purification by discipline. Five niyamas are (a) saucha (purity) (b) santosa (contentment) (c) tapas (ardour or austerity), (d)swaadhyaaya (study of self) (e)iswara pranidhana.
Now the meaning of each term with explanation is given below
AHIMSA OR NON VILONECE- Should not create pain by words or deeds to others. It is more than negative command not to kill, for it has a wider meaning, love.
SATYA OR TRUTH- it is nothing but thinking the truth, speaking the truth, doing the truth and following the truth and finally searching the ultimate truth, facts and essence of life. This is followed in daily life many problems can be avoided directly and indirectly. TRUTH IS DIVIDED INTO TWO
· PARMA SATYAM (THE ULTIMATE TRUTH) AND
· VYAAVAHAARIKA SATYAM (RELATIVE TRUTH) EG- it is nothing but thinking the truth, speaking the truth, doing the truth and following the truth.
ASTEYA OR NON STEALING-Includes not only taking what belongs to others without permission, but also using something for different purpose to that intended, or beyond the time permitted by the owner. It thus includes misappropriation, breach of trust, mismanagement and misuse.
BRAHMACHARYA-Is not a life of celibacy but it is constantly studying the truth by learning Vedas and attain salvation.
APARIGRAHA- parigraha means hoarding and collecting. Aparigrahm means not to hoard and collect. It is another facet of asteya or non-stealing. Just as one should not take things which belongs to others without permission, one should not collect or hoard things that one does not require immediately. Example- luxury life. One man need only one car instead he keeps more cars.
SAUCHA (PURITY)- Purity or cleanliness of internal (mind) and external body. CLEAN MIND KNOWN AS MANA SUDHI AND CLEAN BODY KNOWN AS SAREERA SUDHI ARE PRIME REQUIREMENT. YOGA ASANAS AND PRANAYAMA’S can attain former. While body bathing does cleansing.
SANTHOSHAM OR CONTENTMENT- a mind that is not content cannot concentrate. Living a happy life with self-respect and dignity. Undertaking any mission happily, doing work peacefully with spirit of enjoyment is santhosham.
TAPAS OR AUSTERITY- Is a science of character building. Tapas is a conscious effort to achieve ultimate union with the divine or attain salvation and to burn up all desires, which stands in the way of this goal. Alternative meaning of tapas for more common man is doing and undertaking missions in our life with dedication and a feeling of sacrifice. This is extrapolated to work, mission etc.
SWAADHAAYA OR STUDY OF SELF-SWA MEANS SELF, ADHYAAYA MEANS STUDY. According to saanathana dharma by acquiring knowledge of self one become proficient in day to days activities. By knowing self he acquires knowledge on every subject, which he have to involve. The persons practicing swaadhaaya reads his own book of life, at the same time he writes and rewrites it. There is a change in his outlook of life.
ESWARA PRANIDHAANAM- Is the last of ten upadeshas. Dedication of our actions and will to the lord is eswara pranidhanam. What ever he see’s, hears and does is for the lord. Doing our dharma (duty + responsibility + privilege=dharma) keeping in mind the blessings of guiding force behind everyone in a saaskshi bhava (as witness).