Surakarta (Solo) began in the reign of King Pakubowono Kartosuro II at the Palace. It was an uprising Mas Garendi (Sunan Kuning) assisted palace relatives who disagree with the attitude Pakubowono II who enter into an agreement with the Dutch. One of the supporters of this rebellion is Prince Sambernyowo (RM Said) who feel disappointed because the area formerly Sukowati Kartosuro Palace given by the father trimmed. Because of urgency, Pakubowono fled to eastern Java (Pacitan and Ponorogo). With the help of troops under the command of Major VOC Baron Van Excellent Suroto Hohendrof and duke of Ponorogo, successfully quelled the rebellion. After knowing the Palace was destroyed Kartosuro Pakubowono II and ordered Tumenggung Tirtowiguno, Tumnggung Honggowongso and Prince Wijil to locate the new capital of the kingdom.
In the Year 1745, with various physical considerations and the supernatural, Pakubowono II chose the village of Sala, a village on the banks of the Solo river-as a region that feels right to build a new palace .. Since then the village of Sala quickly become Surakarta Hadiningrat.
The development and dynamics of Surakarta (Solo) at the first heavily influenced by the Central Government and the Cultural Palace (Kasunanan and Mangkunegaran) and Dutch colonialism (Fort Verstenberg). While economic growth and distribution through gedhe Market (Hardjonagoro).
Dated June 16 is the anniversary of Surakarta city administration. The de facto date of June 16, 1946 formed the Regional Government of Surakarta is entitled to regulate and manage their own tngganya, as well as remove the power of the Kingdom Kasunanan and Mangkunegaran. Legally Surakarta city government formed based on the determination 16/SD No. 1946, which was announced on July 15. With a variety of considerations, previous historical factors, dated June 16, 1946 the birthday of the city government of Surakarta.
Source: Government of Surakarta area.