When we talk about moral it can not be separated from ethics. Because, we live in society whose have high respect with ethics. People have different think to give meaning about morality, not all definitions of morality is accurate. It depends on person characters. However it is important to know the definition of morality.
Morality has a different level for some societies; usually they use it to become a foundation of behavior. Morality is a code, which connects different society’s features
According to Poerwadarminta’s dictionary (1989: p. 592) moral is learned about good and bad that can be acceptable in a public such as act, attitude, obligation, morals, and morality.
From statement above, the writer can conclude that moral bring one’s attitude into right relationship with other people, it is not only in our habits but also about our opinions and our consciences of what is right and what is wrong. So people can achieve a high morality.
Moral value grow up since we are born then our parents teach us how to act properly, it is important for the writer to understand a meaning of morality. The word “moral” not only discuss about something that we act but also about our opinion and our conscience of what is right and what is wrong about what we have to do and what we should not do, from the moral point of view we know weather we have done is right or wrong, and whether the side effects good or bad. Moral brings one’s attitude into a good relationship with the other people in society.
According to R. Robin Cote (http://www.choice101.com.2000), moral relate to dealing or ability to make distinction between the right and wrong. We life in society that use morality to achieve a good relation, if we want to solve a problem, we have to conclude something base on moral reasoning. Almost everyone knows about moral reasoning, whenever we argue about how we should act or whenever we give reason to justify or critics our behaviors. Morality gives a constraint about our attitude in order to a good way. Values
If we talk about value we will give conclude that value is something interest, something which search by everyone, something nice, or something necessity. Value is identical with a positive thing. Value is “the addressee of a yes”, it means that something that always shown by word “yes” (Hans Jinas, 1992: p. 36). All of people have agreed if they look for value in their life, and of course it’s a good value.
According to Frankel (1977: p. 7) “a value is an idea, a concept about what someone thinks is important in life”. When a person values something, they seem it worth work, worth having, worth doing or anything to be obtained. Furthermore, Frankel assert that the study of values is usually divided into aesthetics and ethics. Aesthetic refers to the study and justification of what human being consider beautiful, what they enjoy then ethics refers to the study and justification of conduct, how people behave. The basic of ethics is the moral question and reflective consideration of what is right and what is wrong
In generally value divide into two parts, there are values of being and values of giving. A value of being is values in each person itself which will increase become a character and how someone acts to the other. While a value of giving is value has to be practiced or be given, as the result will accept as much as has given. (Zaim Elmubarok, 2008: p. 7)
Literature itself has a value. Begin from art values until values from massage that will we get. Values in literature are the same as value in life. For literature as it is best in life. It is not just about life, it is life itself. (Chase, 1965: p. 1).