The Influence of Using Direct Method toward the Development of Speaking
Skill in Senior High School
By: Tri Astuti
Method is an overall
plan for the orderly presentation of language material, no part of which
contradicts, and all of which is based upon the sellected approach. There are
several methods can be used in language learning, they are: the grammar
translation method, the direct method, the audio lingual method, the
suggestopedia, the silent way, the communicative approach, total physical
response, community language learning. Direct method is a method which foreign
language could be taught without translation or the use of the learner’s native
language if meaning was conveyed directly through demonstration and action.
this globalization era, all the people in the world are prosecuted to mastering
the international language of English. Most of the governments in the world
make a decision that English is important for the future and decided that
English as their second language (the language that they use or learn after
their mother tongue). The general step that they take is that all the students
must get English learning in some grade of the study. Some of them also decided
that English must be their daily communicative language such as Singapore or Malaysia even that their first
language is their mother tongue. But their daily communication is using
Indonesia also takes the same step with the
other countries in the world. The government makes a new rule or improves the
curriculum to improve the student’s skill in education and that is about mastering
English and technology for the students so that they can prepare their
achievements or skills in order to face the globalization era for the next
that learning English in Indonesia
start from the elementary school, but some of the kindergarten is also giving
the English learning to prepare the students achievement for the next grade
using CBC (Curriculum Base Competence), the education in Indonesia used 1994 Curriculum that the purpose
of the language teaching in Senior High School is to make the learners or the
students can master four basic skills. They are speaking, listening, reading
and writing. Those four basic skills should be covered in teaching learning
English process. Every skill should have the proportion in language learning.
According to Yamin (2004: 38) in CBC the purpose of language teaching is to
make the students be able to practice those four skills. If in the 1994
Curriculum the teacher have an active role in teaching learning process but in
CBC the student must be active and the teacher just as motivator or as guide
for the students.
is speech, so it is very reasonable if speaking is in this case should become
the first target and get more proportional than another three skills. But it
can not be said that another three skills is not important in learning
language. The ability of mastering speaking is urgent if we compared with
another skills follow. But in fact that in the producing of English words or
sentences in Senior High School is not an easy thing to do because most of them
are having many difficulties in speaking skill.
as an educator, guide, consultant and motivator for the students should have a
good and certain method in relation with the development of speaking skill in
teaching learning process. The method of teaching will certainly influence the
result of the subject that the teacher implies the better result will be. So
teacher as an educator must develop or choose the most suitable method of
teaching speaking in order that students can speak English fluently.
students in senior high school still have problem in speaking. It is teacher’s duties
to out the possible way out to solve the problem. To make a wider view of the
problem, the writer will formulate the problem into:
the method is used by the teacher in developing skills in class.
2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of
the method used by the teacher in class?