German climate expert who worked with the Köppen Geiger bernamaRudolf to change the classification system, so the system is sometimes referred to as the Köppen-Geiger classification system.
This classification system is based on the concept that plants are the best expression of climate; and, the circle of climatic zones have been selected with the distribution of plants.Combining temperature and humidity on average monthly and yearly, and seasonal moisture.
Köppen climate classification climate divided into five groups and several types and subtypes. Each type of climate is represented by the symbol 2 to 4 letters.
GROUP A: Tropical climate / megatermal
Tropical climate characterized by high temperature (at sea level or low altitude) - twelve months have average temperatures of 18 ° C (64.4 ° F) or higher. Divided into:
1. Tropical rain forest climate (Af) Example: SingapuraBelém, Brazil
2. Tropical monsoon climate (Am) Examples: Conakry, GuineaChittagong, Bangladesh
3. Wet and dry climate or a tropical savanna (Aw).
Example: Bangalore, IndiaVeracruz, MeksikoTownsville, Australia
GROUP B: dry climate (arid and semigersang)
Example: Yuma, Arizona (BWH) Almeria, Spain (BWH) Cobar, New South Wales, Australia (BSH) Murcia, Spain (BSH) Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada (BSK) Enna, Italy (BSH)
GROUP C: A temperate climate / mesotermal
Mediterranean climate (CSA, CSB)
Example: Split, Croatia (CSA) Madrid, Spain (CSA) Marseille, France (CSA) Yalta, Ukraine (CSA) Los Angeles, California (CSA) Barcelona, Spain (CSA) Santiago, Chile (CSB) Perth, Australia (CSA ) Risan, Montenegro (CSB) Porto, Portugal (CSB) San Francisco, California (CSB) Victoria, British Columbia (CSB)
Subtropical climate (CFA, CWA)
Example: New York City, New York (CFA) Dallas, Texas (CFA) Milan, Italy (CFA) Buenos Aires, Argentina (CFA) Brisbane, Queensland, Australia (CFA) Atlanta, Georgia (CFA) Porto Alegre, Brazil (CFA ) Luodian, Guizhou, China (CWA).
Temperate maritime climate or sea (CFB, Cwb)
Examples: Limoges, France (CFB) Langebaanweg, South Africa (CFB) Curitiba, Brazil (CFB) Prince Rupert, British Columbia, Canada (CFB) Bergen, Norway (CFB)
Subarktik maritime climate or climate subpolar seas (CFC)
Examples: Punta Arenas, Chile (CFC) Monte Dinero, Argentina (CFC) Reykjavik, Iceland (CFC) Torshavn, Faroe Islands (CFC) Harstad, Norway (CFC).
GROUP D: Climate continent / mikrotermal
Summer continental climate (DFA, DWA, DSA)
Example: Chicago, Illinois (DFA) Santaquin, Utah (DFA) Seoul, South Korea (DWA) Cambridge, Idaho (CSA) Saqqez, Iran (CSA)
Continental climate of warm summers or hemiboreal (DFB, DWB, Etc)
Example: Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada (DFB) Minsk, Belarus (DFB) Revelstoke, British Columbia, Canada (DFB) Fargo, North Dakota, (DFB) Vladivostok, Russia (DWB). Stockholm, Sweden (DFB)
Subarktik continental climates or boreal (taiga) (DFC, DWC, DSC)
example: Sept-Iles, Quebec, Canada (DFC) Anchorage, Alaska (DFC) Mount Robson, British Columbia, Canada (DFC) Irkutsk, Russia (DWC). Kirkenes, Finnmark, Norway (DFC)
Subarktik continental climate with extreme winter (DFD, DWD)
GROUP E: Polar Climate
Tundra climate (ET)
Examples: Iqaluit, Nunavut, KanadaProvideniya, RusiaDeception Island, Antarktika.Longyearbyen, Svalbard
Polar ice climate (EF)
Antarctica (Scott Base) Greenland (Eismitte or North Ice)
Climate Classification Schamidt - Ferguson
Schmidt and Ferguson climate divide by the number of rainfall in each month are defined as follows:
In Indonesia is divided into 8 types of climate:
A. extremely wet category, the value of Q = 0 - 14.3%
B. wet category, the value of Q = 14.3 to 33.3%
C. category rather wet Q values from 33.3 to 60%
D. category of being, the value of Q = 60-100%
E. category is rather dry, the value of Q = 100 - 167%
F. dry category, the value of Q = 167-300%
G. category of very dry, the value of Q = 300-700%
H. category of unusually dry, the value of Q = more than 700%
Climate Classification Yunghunh
The division is based on the altitude where the climate is characterized by vegetation type, climate zone is divided into five zones:
Image: Climate Yunghunh
Panas.Ketinggian climate zone 000-700 m, average annual temperatures over 22 C (rice, maize, sugar cane and coconut)
Climate Zone sedang.Ketinggian 700-1500m, average annual temperatures between 15-22 C (coffee, tea, quinine and rubber)
Sejuk.Ketinggian.1500 Climate Zone - 2500, annual average temperature of 11 C - 15 C (suitable horticulture crops).
Climate Zone dingin.Ketinggian 2500 - 400m, with average annual temperature of 11 C (this zone of plants that exist in the form of moss).
Snow-tropical climate zone. Height of more than 400m above sea level, in this area there are no plants